- Certification of Health Care Provider for Employee’s Serious Health Condition (FMLA)
- Certification of Health Care Provider for Family Member’s Serious Health Condition (FMLA- For family member)
- Certification of Qualifying Exigency For Military Family Leave
- Certification for Serious Injury or Illness of a Current Servicemember – for Military Family Leave
- Certification for Serious Injury or Illness of a Veteran for Military Caregiver Leave
- The Employee’s Guide to the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
FMLA Policy (030113)
1. Employee Eligibility
Employees of the University are eligible for family and medical leave (FMLA) if they have at least 12 months of service, and have worked at least 1,250 hours within the preceding 12-month period. If eligible, an employee may be able to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave during a 12-month period for the following reasons:
- The birth of a child or to care for a child within the first 12 months after birth;
- The placement of a child with the employee for adoption or foster care and to bond with and care for the child (within the first 12 months after placement);
- To care for an immediate family member who has a serious health Condition (spouse, child, or parent — but not a parent “in-law”);
- For a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the functions of his/her position;
- to care for adult children with disabilities, regardless of the child’s age when the disability commenced, where the employee stands in loco parentis for the child; • Because of any “qualifying exigency” arising from the employee’s spouse, child, or parent being:
(1) On active duty or called to active duty in a reserve component of the Armed Forces and is deployed to a foreign country under a call or order to active duty pursuant to certain statutory provisions; or
(2) A member of a regular component of the Armed Forces and is deployed to a foreign country.
Employees are entitled to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid FMLA leave in any 12-month period. For purposes of this policy, the 12-month period on which eligibility for leave shall be based is a period measured backward from the date an employee last used FMLA leave. Therefore, if an employee takes 4 weeks of FMLA leave on February 1, 4 weeks of FMLA leave on April 1, and 4 weeks of FMLA leave on August 1, such employee will not be entitled to an additional FMLA leave until the following February 1, at which time he/she will be entitled to 4 weeks of leave; on April 1 he/she will be entitled to another four weeks and so forth.
2. Military Caregiver Leave
An eligible employee may be eligible for up to 26 weeks of FMLA leave in a 12-month period, including the types of leave listed above, to care for a parent, spouse, child, or relative to whom the employee is next of kin when the family member was a:
- member of the regular or reserve Armed Forces who was undergoing treatment, recuperation, or therapy, was in outpatient status, or was on a temporary disability retired list, for a serious injury or illness incurred; or
- veteran undergoing medical treatment, recuperation, or therapy for a serious injury or illness and the family member was a member of the regular or reserve Armed Forces at any time during the period of five years before the date the veteran undergoes the medical treatment, recuperation, or therapy, and was discharged or released under conditions other than dishonorable.
- for current service members with a serious injury or illness that existed prior to service and that was aggravated by service in the line of duty while on active duty.
“Serious injury or illness” means any of the following:
in the case of a member of the Armed Forces (including a member of the National Guard or Reserves), means an injury or illness that was incurred by the member in line of duty on active duty in the Armed Forces (or existed before the beginning of the member’s active duty and was aggravated by service in line of duty on active duty in the Armed Forces) and that may render the member medically unfit to perform the duties of the member’s office, grade, rank, or rating;
in the case of a veteran who was a member of the Armed Forces (including a member of the National Guard or Reserves) means a qualifying (as defined by the Secretary of Labor) injury or illness that was incurred by the member in line of duty on active duty in the Armed Forces (or existed before the beginning of the member’s active duty and was aggravated by service in line of duty on active duty in the Armed Forces) and that manifested itself before or after the member became a veteran;
- service members with a physical or mental condition that have received a Department of Veterans Affairs Service Related Disability Rating (VASRD) of 50% or higher when the rating is at least in part based on the condition that has created the need for leave;
- a physical or mental condition that either: (a) substantially impairs the veteran’s ability to secure or follow a gainful occupation due to the service-related disability; or (b) would do so absent treatment; or
- an injury, including a psychological injury that led to a veteran being enrolled in the VA’s Program of Comprehensive Assistance for Family Caregivers.
3. Notice of Leave
When requesting leave, on the appropriate Department of Labor Form the employee must:
- Supply sufficient information for the University to be aware that the FMLA may apply to the leave request, as well as information regarding the anticipated timing and duration of leave;
- Provide notice of the need for leave at least 30 days in advance or as soon as practicable.
- Cooperate with all requests for information regarding whether absences are FMLA-qualifying.
Failure to comply may result in leave being delayed or denied.
4. Intermittent Leave
When medically necessary, employees may take FMLA leave intermittently or on a reduced schedule basis for their own serious health condition, the serious health condition of a family member, or for military caregiver leave. Employees are required to cooperate with the University to arrange reduced work schedules or intermittent leave so as to minimize disruption of business operations.
Qualifying exigency leave may be taken intermittently without regard to medical necessity or disruption of business operations.
Leave because of the birth or adoption of a child may not be taken intermittently and must be completed within the 12-month period beginning on the date of birth or placement of the child.
5. Medical and Other Certifications
Employees will be required to provide a medical certification if the leave request is: 1) for the employee’s own serious health condition, 2) to care for a family member’s serious health condition, or 3) military caregiver leave. Failure to provide the requested certification in a timely manner may result in denial of the leave until it is provided. If an employee refuses to provide a certification, his/her leave request may be denied and the employee may be disciplined.
The University, at its expense, may require a medical examination by a health care provider of its own choosing if it has a reasonable question regarding the medical certification provided by the employee. In lieu of a second opinion, the University may contact the health care provider directly to clarify or authenticate a medical certification, including certifications for military caregiver leave. Second opinions may not be required for military caregiver leave.
Separate certification may also be required regarding the nature of the family member’s military service and/or the existence of a qualifying exigency. Campbell (at its expense) or the employee (both current service members and veterans) may seek opinions in support of military caregiver leave by a healthcare provider that is not affiliated with the Department of Defense, the VA, or TRICARE.
6. Fitness for Duty Certifications
Because the University wishes to ensure the well-being of all employees, any employee returning from FMLA leave for his/her own serious health condition will need to provide a Fitness for Duty (FFD) certification (see forms at the end of the manual) signed by his/her health care provider. An employee who fails to provide an FFD certification will be prohibited from returning to work until it is provided. An employee who fails to provide an FFD certification may be disciplined or terminated.
FFD certifications may be required when an employee returns from intermittent FMLA leave if serious concerns exist regarding the employee’s ability to resume his/her duties safely.
7. Maintenance of Benefits
The University maintains health care benefits for the employee while on FMLA leave, but the employee is responsible for paying the normal monthly contribution. If the employee elects not to return to work at the end of the leave period, the employee will be required to reimburse the University for the cost of premiums paid for maintaining coverage during the leave period. All other benefits cease to accrue during the unpaid portion of the leave.
8. Concurrent Leave
Employees must use any accumulated sick leave, vacation time, or paid time off (PTO) to the extent available during FMLA leave. Absences in excess of these accumulated days will be treated as FMLA leave without pay.
Any employee who takes FMLA leave for a condition which also qualifies for workers’ compensation or disability leave will not be entitled to substitute accrued paid leave for the period covered by workers’ compensation or disability benefits, but such time will be counted against the employee’s 12-week FMLA entitlement. The employee may use accumulated leave time only for the purpose of satisfying any waiting period. If an employee is certified to return to a light duty position, but chooses not to do so, and instead chooses to remain on FMLA leave, or if such employee’s workers’ compensation or disability benefits cease for any reason, such employee will then be required to substitute accrued paid leave for the duration of the FMLA leave. If the employee exhausts his/her accrued paid leave, the remainder of the leave will be unpaid.
9. Married Couples Who Work for the University
If an employee and his/her spouse both work for the University they are both eligible for leave. The employee and employee spouse may be limited to a combined total of 12 weeks of FMLA leave in a 12-month period if the leave is taken for:
- The birth, adoption, or foster placement of a child;
- To care for and bond with such child who does not suffer from a serious health condition;
- To care for a parent with a serious health condition; or
- A combination of the above.
For military caregiver leave, the employee and employee spouse may be limited to a combined total of 26 weeks of leave in a 12-month period, including the types of leave listed above in this paragraph.
10. Return from Leave
Upon return from leave, the employee will be restored to his/her original or an equivalent position. An employee who fails to return at the end of FMLA leave will in most cases be considered to have voluntarily resigned his/her position with the University. Employees who do not return to work at the end of their leave will be terminated unless they are entitled to additional leave as a reasonable accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
11. No Retaliation or Interference
The University will not discriminate or retaliate against an employee who exercises his or her rights under the FMLA, or otherwise interfere with those rights.
“Child” may be a biological, adopted, foster, or step child or legal ward, or child of a person standing “in loco parentis” by providing day-to-day care and financial support, where the child is under age 18, or age 18 or older and incapable of self-care because of a mental or physical disability.
“Family Medical Leave Act” (FMLA), is the Family Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 USCA 2601, et seq., as amended, and as implemented by 29 CFR Part 825.
“Next of Kin” means the nearest blood relative other than the covered service member’s spouse, parent, son, or daughter, in the following order of priority: blood relatives who have been granted legal custody of the service member by court decree or statutory provisions, brothers and sisters, grandparents, aunts and uncles, and first cousins, unless the covered service member has specifically designated in writing another blood relative as his or her nearest blood relative for purposes of military caregiver leave under the FMLA.
“Parent” means a biological, adoptive, step or foster parent, or other person who stood “in loco parentis” to a child by providing day-to-day care and financial support. In-laws are not covered by this policy.
“Qualifying exigencies” include:
- Issues arising from a covered military member’s short notice deployment (i.e., deployment on seven or less days of notice) for a period of seven days from the date of notification;
- Military events and related activities, such as official ceremonies, programs, or events sponsored by the military or family support or assistance programs and informational briefings sponsored or promoted by the military, military service organizations, or the American Red Cross that are related to the active duty or call to active duty status of a covered military member;
- Certain childcare and related activities arising from the active duty or call to active duty status of a covered military member, such as arranging for alternative childcare, providing childcare on a non- routine, urgent, immediate need basis, enrolling or transferring a child in a new school or day care facility, and attending certain meetings at a school or a day care facility if they are necessary due to circumstances arising from the active duty or call to active duty of the covered military member;
- Making or updating financial and legal arrangements to address a covered military member’s absence;
- Attending counseling provided by someone other than a health care provider for oneself, the covered military member, or the child of the covered military member, the need for which arises from the active duty or call to active duty status of the covered military member;
- Taking up to fifteen days of leave to spend time with a covered military member who is on short-term temporary, rest and recuperation leave during deployment;
- Attending to certain post-deployment activities, including attending arrival ceremonies, reintegration briefings and events, and other official ceremonies or programs sponsored by the military for a period of 90 days following the termination of the covered military member’s active duty status, and addressing issues arising from the death of a covered military member;
- Any other event that the employee and employer agree is a qualifying exigency.
- To care for the parent of a military member when the parent is incapable of self-care and the need for leave arises out of the military member’s covered active duty or call to covered active duty status.
“Spouse” means a husband or wife as defined or recognized under North Carolina law for purposes of marriage.
NOTE: The foregoing is a summary of the FMLA as of March 8, 2013, and an employee should contact HR as soon as they anticipate a need for FMLA to get a complete description of their rights and responsibilities or go to www.dol.gov/whd/fmla/.