Technical Standards

Doctor of Pharmacy

Technical Standards for Admission & Matriculation

American Council on Pharmaceutical Education (ACPE) is the accrediting body for colleges and schools of pharmacy. ACPE requires that Doctor of Pharmacy curricula meet standards and guidelines which emphasize a strong scientific foundation and practice-based competency. The pharmacy curriculum is designed to develop caring and competent pharmacists, practitioners who assume responsibility for safe and effective medication use in patients. The pharmacy curriculum is also designed to produce pharmacists who are collaborative partners in the care of patients within an interdisciplinary health care system.

Technical Standards refer to non-academic admissions and matriculation criteria that are essential to participation in the Doctor of Pharmacy program. All students must possess the intellectual, ethical, physical, and emotional capabilities required to undertake the full curriculum and to achieve the levels of competence required by the faculty. The technical standards described below are essential functions and therefore prerequisites for entrance, continuation, promotion, and graduation from the Doctor of Pharmacy program.

Candidates for admission to and graduation from the Campbell University College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences’ Doctor of Pharmacy Program must possess the following abilities:

1. Observation
The candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to observe required lectures, demonstrations and experiments, including but not limited to microscopic studies, pharmaceutical lab instruction (technical quality of prepared and compounded materials), and patient care demonstrations (physical observation and physical assessment). A candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand, noting non-verbal and verbal signals. Observation necessitates functional use of vision, hearing and somatic senses. The candidate/student-pharmacist must be capable of remaining alert and attentive at all times in the clinical setting.

2. Communication
A candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to effectively speak, read and write in English. Visual and auditory senses must be intact to detect verbal and nonverbal communication signals. A candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to elicit information from and communicate effectively and sensitively with patients. The candidate must be able to communicate effectively and efficiently in oral and written form with all members of the health care team.

3. Motor Abilities
A candidate/student-pharmacist must have sufficient motor function to carry out the basic laboratory experiments and physical assessment. The candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to carry out duties within the classroom, laboratory, pharmacy and clinic settings. Motor function must be sufficient to perform fundamental patient care, such as required for disease prevention, drug therapy monitoring and basic physical assessment (eg. blood pressure assessment, palpation for edema, injection of vaccines, etc.). Motor function must also be sufficient to perform drug distribution duties in both a community and hospital pharmacy setting. The ability to stand and/or maneuver in small spaces as well as multi-level (steps) environments must be intact. Candidates/student-pharmacists must have the ability to maintain aseptic technique in the preparation of sterile materials. This will require the ability to work under a laminar flow hood and in sterile rooms. A candidate/student pharmacist must be able to safely and effectively operate various types of laboratory and patient care equipment such as weights and balance, a glucose meter, stethoscope and sphygmomanometer. The candidate/student-pharmacist must be able to execute motor movements reasonably required to provide general care and emergency treatment to patients (eg. student-pharmacists are required to be certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation). These motor actions require coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium and functional use of the senses of touch, vision, and hearing.

4. Intellectual, Conceptual, Integrative, and Quantitative
Problem solving, the critical skill demanded of pharmacists, requires that a candidate/student-pharmacist be able to learn, retrieve, analyze, sequence, organize, synthesize and integrate information efficiently, and reason effectively. In addition a candidate/student-pharmacist should possess the ability to measure and calculate accurately, to perceive three-dimensional relationships and to understand the spatial relationships of structures.

5. Behavioral and Social Attributes
A candidate must possess the emotional health required for full utilization of his/her intellectual abilities, the exercise of good judgment, the prompt completion of all responsibilities attendant to the diagnosis and care of patients, and the development of mature, sensitive and effective relationships with patients and their family members, staff, and colleagues. Each candidate must be able to work effectively as a member of a health-care team. Candidates must be able to tolerate physically taxing workloads and to function effectively under stress. They must be able to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility and to learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of many patients. Compassion, integrity, concern for others, interpersonal skills, collegiality, interest, and motivation are all personal qualities that are assessed during the admission and education processes.

If you feel you are unable to meet these technical standards, you are encouraged prior to application, to discuss your disability with the Associate Dean of Admissions in order to determine whether or not reasonable accommodations can be made. Candidates pursuing the academic program who lack the ability to appropriately comply with these standards and who do not seek accommodations may place themselves in academic jeopardy.

Campbell University is committed to enabling its students by any reasonable means or accommodations to complete the course of study leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy degree. The use of an intermediary, a person trained to perform essential skills on behalf of the student, is not permitted. Accepted students with a disability who believe they may require special accommodations should contact the Director of Student Support Services immediately upon accepting the offer of admissions. Before matriculation, accepted students must attest in writing that they are able to meet the program's technical standards.

The above standards mirror Campbell’s PA program technical standards and were modified based on language incorporated from the Technical Standards documents of University of Mississippi, University of Iowa and University of Kentucky schools of pharmacy.