nurs·ing: Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.
Education for Nursing includes:
There are several options for the individual who wishes to become a Registered Nurse (RN). The Institute of Medicine is calling for at least 80% of the RN population to be baccalaureate prepared by 2020.
- The baccalaureate degree (BSN) is offered at senior colleges and universities. This is typically a 4-year plan of study.
- The Associate Degree is offered by a community college. The pre-requisite courses may require 1-2 years with the nursing portion being two years in length.
- A Diploma Program as a 3-year endeavor is often provided through a hospital. There is no degree earned.
Where do Nurses Work?
Registered nurses work in hospitals (60%), outpatient clinics, physicians' offices, home healthcare services, community health agencies, and nursing care facilities. They also work in correctional facilities, schools, summer camps, military, congress, academia, research centers, dialysis clinics, law firms, homeless shelters, Veterans Affairs, Wellness Centers and medical equipment and supply manufacturers just to name a few!
What do they do there?
- Perform physical exams and health histories
- Provide health promotion, counseling and education
- Administer medications, wound care, and numerous other personalized interventions
- Interpret patient information and make critical decisions about needed actions
- Coordinate care, in collaboration with a wide array of healthcare professionals
- Direct and supervise care delivered by other healthcare personnel like LPNs and nurse aides
- Conduct research in support of improved practice and patient outcomes
Licensure for Nursing Practice
All pre-licensure nursing graduates are required to pass The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). A passing score is verification of competencies for safe and effective care.